NZ Southern Cross

varietal: 77-60

Technical Data

HPLC & Oil Composition (Measured within 6 months of harvest, stored at 0C)

Alpha Acids11-14%
Beta Acids5-6%
Cohumulone25-28% of Alpha Acids
Total Oil1.2 ml oil per 100gm cone weight
Concentration86 uL Oil/gram Alpha
Citrus-Piney Fraction6.9%
Floral Estery Fraction2.7%
H/C Ratio3.1

Grower comments

Maturity  Mid season
Yield Good
Growth Habit Vigorous, early growth, clavate frame
Cone Structure Cylindrical, long, medium density
Disease Resistance New Zealand is hop disease free
Storage Stability Good
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A dual purpose / soft bittering hop with a citrus “lemon zest” character with hints of pine (11-14 % AA)


NZ Southern Cross is a triploid cross between the New Zealand variety “Smoothcone” and a 1950’s research variety bred from a crossing of an early North American type known as the “Cali” (short for Californian) with the ubiquitous English Fuggle. Released from New Zealand’s HortResearch hop breeding programme at Riwaka in 1994.


The aroma is characterised by a heady mix of lemon peel and pine needles layered beneath a clean spiciness during selection. NZ Southern Cross has an excellent essential oil profile and low Cohumulone while producing consistent levels of alpha acid. 


A kettle variety of the highest order NZ Southern Cross imparts a soft bitterness with a subtle resinous quality. The essential oil component is such that it can deliver a delicate balance of citrus and spice when added at the end of boil or a much bigger punch in the hopback or direct to the fermenter .

“A hop with many talents”


Alpha Acids and Total Oil matched with low cohumulone find this extraordinary hop several applications, single or multi-purpose to achieve subtle citrusy lager to big fruity driven ales.